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Title:Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism
Format Type:Ebook
Author:
Publisher:Mit Press
ISBN:0262631156
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:355
Category:Philosophy, Language, Non fiction

Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism by Ruth Garrett Millikan

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Beginning with a general theory of function applied to body organs behaviors customs and both inner and outer representations Ruth Millikan argues that the intentionality of language can be described without reference to speaker s intentions and that an understanding of the intentionality of thought can and should be divorced from the problem of understanding consciousness The results support a realist theory of truth and of universals and open the way for a nonfoundationalist and nonholistic approach to epistemology

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    This book Download ePub PDF Online Libs - Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism - Beginning with a general theory of function applied to body organs behaviors customs and both inner and outer representations Ruth Millikan argues that the inte...

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  • On Clear And Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts

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  • Biosemantik

    This book Download ePub PDF Online Libs - Biosemantik - Der Band versammelt erstmals in deutscher bersetzung Ruth Millikans wichtigste Aufs tze zur Sprachphilosophie Millikan pr sentiert darin unter anderem eine neue...

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On Clear And Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts, White Queen Psychology and Other Essays for Alice, Language: A Biological Model, Varieties of Meaning: The 2002 Jean Nicod Lectures, Beyond Concepts: Unicepts, Language, and Natural Information, Biosemantik, Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism
Ruth Millikan s extended argument for a biological view of the study of cognition in i Language Thought and Other Biological Categories i caught the attention of the philosophical community Universally regarded as an important even brilliant work its complexity and dense presentation made it difficult to plumb This collection of essays serves both as an introduction to that much discussed volume and as an extension and application of Millikan s central and controversial themes especially in the philosophy of psychology br br The title essay referring to the White Queen s practice of exercising her mind by believing impossible things discusses meaning rationalism and argues that rationality is not in the head indeed that there is no legitimate interpretation under which logical possibility and necessity are known i a priori i Nor are there any laws of rational psychology Rationality is not a lawful occurrence but a biological norm that is effected in an integrated head world system under biologically ideal conditions br br In other essays Millikan clarifies her views on the nature of mental representation explores whether human thought is a product of natural selection examines the nature of behavior as studied by the behavioral sciences and discusses the issues of individualism in psychology psychological explanation indexicality in thought what knowledge is and the realism antirealism debate, Written by one of today s most creative and innovative philosophers Ruth Garrett Millikan this book examines basic empirical concepts how they are acquired how they function and how they have been misrepresented in the traditional philosophical literature In a radical departure from current philosophical and psychological theories of concepts this book provides the first in depth discussion on the psychological act of reidentification It will be of interest to a broad range of students of philosophy especially those interested in the application of evolutionary theory to analytic philosophy, Many different things are said to have meaning people mean to do various things tools and other artifacts are meant for various things people mean various things by using words and sentences natural signs mean things representations in people s minds also presumably mean things In i Varieties of Meaning i Ruth Garrett Millikan argues that these different kinds of meaning can be understood only in relation to each other br br What does meaning in the sense of purpose when something is said to be meant for something have to do with meaning in the sense of representing or signifying Millikan argues that the explicit human purposes explicit human intentions are represented purposes They do not merely represent purposes they possess the purposes that they represent She argues further that things that signify intentional signs such as sentences are distinguished from natural signs by having purpose essentially therefore unlike natural signs intentional signs can misrepresent or be false br br Part I discusses Purposes and Cross Purposes what purposes are the purposes of people of their behaviors of their body parts of their artifacts and of the signs they use Part II then describes a previously unrecognized kind of natural sign locally recurrent natural signs and several varieties of intentional signs and discusses the ways in which representations themselves are represented Part III offers a novel interpretation of the way language is understood and of the relation between semantics and pragmatics Part IV discusses perception and thought exploring stages in the development of inner representations from the simplest organisms whose behavior is governed by perception action cycles to the perceptions and intentional attitudes of humans, Der Band versammelt erstmals in deutscher bersetzung Ruth Millikans wichtigste Aufs tze zur Sprachphilosophie Millikan pr sentiert darin unter anderem eine neue Konzeption sprachlicher Konventionen wonach der Sprachgebrauch nicht durch Regeln bestimmt wird und biologische Funktionen das eigentliche Fundament der Kommunikation bilden Sie arbeitet eine eigene Theorie der Bedeutung von Eigennamen und empirischen Ausdr cken aus deutet die Ph nomene um die zu Fregeanischen Bedeutungstheorien Anla gegeben haben und legt eine origin re an die sinnliche Wahrnehmung angelehnte Erkl rung daf r vor wie H rer sprachliche Informationen in sprachliches Verstehen verwandeln und warum es Kindern umstandslos gelingt ihre Muttersprache zu erlernen br br This volume includes German translations of the following essays some of them to be found in Language A Biological Model br Sprachliche Konventionen vereinfacht Language Conventions Made Simple br ber Bedeutung Bedeutung und Bedeutung On Meaning Meaning and Meaning br Wie man die Sprachphilosophie zurechtstutzt Cutting Philosophy of Language Down to Size br Spracherwerb Learning Language unpublished manuscript br Kenntnis der Bedeutung Mit einer Coda zum Sumpfmann On Knowing the Meaning With a Coda on Swampman br Ein folgenreicher Unterschied zwischen Konventionen und Regeln A Difference of Some Consequences Between Conventions and Rules