Spanish Texas, 1519-1821 books by Donald E. Chipman

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Title:Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
(Rating: 2 - 16 votes)
ISBN 13:9780292776593
Number of Pages:359 pages

Donald E. Chipman Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Spanish Texas, 1519-1821 ., ." the book on early Texas.... [It] is without peer." -- David J. Weber, Robert and Nancy Dedman Professor of History, Southern Methodist University Modern Texas, like Mexico to the south, traces its beginning to sixteenth-century encounters between Spaniards, Native American peoples, and a vast land unexplored by Europeans. Unlike Mexico, however, Texas eventually received the stamp of Anglo-American culture, so that Spanish contributions to present-day Texas tend to be obscured or even unknown. In this pathfinding study, Donald E. Chipman draws on archival and secondary sources to write the story of Spain's three-hundred-year presence and continuing influence in the land that has become Texas.Chipman begins with the first European sighting of Texas shores in 1519. He goes on to chronicle the exploits of Cabeza de Vaca, Francisco Va zquez de Coronado, Luis Moscoso and other sixteenth-century explorers, before devoting extensive attention to the eighteenth century, a time of active Spanish colonization.Although Mexican independence ended the Spanish era in 1821, Chipman finds that Spain has left a substantial legacy in modern Texas. Spanish precedents have shaped modern Texas law in the areas of judicial procedure, land and water law, and family law. Spanish influences abound in Texas art, architecture, music, and theater, not to mention the widely spoken Spanish language. And the Roman Catholic religion introduced by the Spaniards continues to have many adherents in Texas.In short, the rich history of Spain in Texas deserves to be widely known by "Texana buffs" and professional historians alike, and Spanish Texas, 1519-1821 is the one-volume source toconsult.

Explorers and Settlers of Spanish Texas: Men and Women of Spanish Texas, Nuno de Guzman y la provincia de Panuco en Nueva Espana, 1518-1533, This Corner of Canaan: Essays on Texas in Honor of Randolph B. Campbell, Notable Men and Women of Spanish Texas, Spanish Texas, 1519-1821, , lvar Nez Cabeza de Vaca: The 'Great Pedestrian' of North and South America, Moctezuma's Children: Aztec Royalty Under Spanish Rule, 1520-1700
In Notable Men and Women of Spanish Texas, Donald Chipman and Harriett Joseph combined dramatic, real-life incidents, biographical sketches, and historical background to reveal the real human beings behind the legendary figures who discovered, explored, and settled Spanish Texas from 1528 to 1821. Drawing from their earlier book and adapting the language and subject matter to the reading level and interests of middle and high school students, the authors here present the men and women of Spanish Texas for young adult readers and their teachers. These biographies demonstrate how much we have in common with our early forebears. Profiled in this book are: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca: Ragged Castaway Francisco Vazquez de Coronado: Golden Conquistador Maria de Agreda: Lady in Blue Alonso de Leon: Texas Pathfinder Domingo Teran de los Rios / Francisco Hidalgo: Angry Governor and Man with a Mission Louis St. Denis / Manuela Sanchez: Cavalier and His Bride Antonio Margil de Jesus: God's Donkey Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo: Chicken War Redeemer Felipe de Rabago y Teran: Sinful Captain Jose de Escandon y Elguera: Father of South Texas Athanase de Mezieres: Troubled Indian Agent Domingo Cabello: Comanche Peacemaker Marques de Rubi / Antonio Gil Ibarvo: Harsh Inspector and Father of East Texas Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara / Joaquin de Arredondo: Rebel Captain and Vengeful Royalist Women in Colonial Texas: Pioneer Settlers Women and the Law: Rights and Responsibilities, "This book furnishes us with a rich, valuable appreciation of the circumstance and heritage of the great Emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotl's most prestigious descendants." American Historical Review Though the Aztec Empire fell to Spain in 1521, three principal heirs of the last emperor, Moctezuma II, survived the conquest and were later acknowledged by the Spanish victors as reyes naturales (natural kings or monarchs) who possessed certain inalienable rights as Indian royalty. For their part, the descendants of Moctezuma II used Spanish law and customs to maintain and enhance their status throughout the colonial period, achieving titles of knighthood and nobility in Mexico and Spain. So respected were they that a Moctezuma descendant by marriage became Viceroy of New Spain (colonial Mexico's highest governmental office) in 1696.

This authoritative history follows the fortunes of the principal heirs of Moctezuma II across nearly two centuries. Drawing on extensive research in both Mexican and Spanish archives, Donald E. Chipman shows how daughters Isabel and Mariana and son Pedro and their offspring used lawsuits, strategic marriages, and political maneuvers and alliances to gain pensions, rights of entailment, admission to military orders, and titles of nobility from the Spanish government. Chipman also discusses how the Moctezuma family history illuminates several larger issues in colonial Latin American history, including women's status and opportunities and trans-Atlantic relations between Spain and its New World colonies., Winner, Presidio La Bahia Award, Sons of the Republic of Texas, 2000Texas Old Missions and Forts Restoration Association Book Award, the Texas Old Missions and Fort Restoration Association and the Texas Catholic Historical Society, 2001

The Spanish colonial era in Texas (1528-1821) continues to emerge from the shadowy past with every new archaeological and historical discovery. In this book, years of archival sleuthing by Donald E. Chipman and Harriett Denise Joseph now reveal the real human beings behind the legendary figures who discovered, explored, and settled Spanish Texas.

By combining dramatic, real-life incidents, biographical sketches, and historical background, the authors bring to life these famous (and sometimes infamous) men of Spanish Texas: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de VacaAlonso de LeonFrancisco HidalgoLouis Juchereau de St. DenisAntonio MargilThe Marques de AguayoPedro de RiveraFelipe de RabagoJose de EscandonAthanase de MezieresThe Marques de RubiAntonio Gil IbarvoDomingo CabelloJose Bernardo Gutierrez de LaraJoaquin de Arredondo

The authors also devote a chapter to the women of Spanish Texas, drawing on scarce historical clues to tell the stories of both well-known and previously unknown Tejana, Indian, and African women.", Cabeza de Vaca's mode of transportation, afoot on portions of two continents in the early decades of the sixteenth century, fits one dictionary definition of the word "pedestrian." By no means, however, should the ancillary meanings of "commonplace" or "prosaic" be applied to the man, or his remarkable adventures. Between 1528 and 1536, he trekked an estimated 2,480 to 2,640 miles of North American terrain from the Texas coast near Galveston Island to San Miguel de Culiacan near the Pacific Coast of Mexico. He then traveled under better circumstances, although still on foot, to Mexico City.

About a year later, Cabeza de Vaca returned to Spain. In 1540, the king granted Cabeza de Vaca civil and military authority in modern-day Paraguay. After arriving on the coast of Brazil in 1541, he was unable to find transportation by ship to the seat of his governorship. He then led a group of more 250 settlers through 1,200 miles of unchartered back country, during which he lost only two men.

Cabeza de Vaca's travels are amazing in themselves, but during them he transformed from a proud Spanish don to lay advocate of Indian rights on both American continents. That journey is as remarkable as his travels. It was this "great awakening" that landed him in more trouble with Spaniards than Indians. Settlers at Asuncion rebelled against the reformist governor, incarcerated him, tried to poison his food on two occasions, and finally sent him to Spain in irons. There he was tried and convicted on trumped-up charges of carrying out policies that were the exact opposite of what he had promoted--the humane protection of Indians.

This book examines the two great "journeys" of Cabeza de Vaca--his extraordinary adventures on two continents and his remarkable growth as a humanitarian.